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Zambia has three distinct seasons. December to April: warm and wet, May to August: cool and dry. September to November: hot and dry. Average temperatures in summer range from 25° C to 35° C and in winter from 6° C to 24° C.


All bonafide tourists shall be issued with visas at any port of entry to Zambia or at Zambian Missions abroad except for those who require visas authorized by the Chief Immigration Officer or the stipulated Zambian Mission abroad. As visa requirements change from time to time, it is advisable to check the requirements based on your passport/country of origin prior to travel.


Medical insurance should be purchased before you leave your own country and should include emergency air evacuation coverage if you're spending any time in remote parts of the country


The Kwacha has denominations of 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10 000, 20 000 and 50 000 kwacha notes. Most hotels, restaurants, travel agencies and the bigger shops will take credit cards. Most of the bigger banks will advance local currency against a credit card.  Standard Chartered, Stanbic and Barclays Banks have ATM's which accept Visa cards for cash.


Operational hours are 08h15 to 14h30 hours Mondays through to Fridays and 08h15 to 10h30 hours on 1st and last Saturday of the month. Some banks also operate on Saturday mornings.


Departure tax is at airports is US$25 (international) and $8 (domestic), payable in hard currency. Travellers cheques are not acceptable. Most tickets issued are now inclusive of departure tax. You should check this when buying your ticket.


Visitors from or passing through a yellow fever and cholera zone (most of tropical Africa and South America) must be able to produce a valid International Certificate of Vaccination. Air travellers who only pass through the airports of such a zone are exempt from the requirement.


Medical services are underdeveloped and only in Lusaka, Ndola and Livingstone can you find anything resembling western standards. There are a number of small clinics in Lusaka which are better than the general hospitals, but the clinics in the rural areas have little more than quinine, aspirin and band aids. Travellers should carry an adequate supply of their prescribed medicines with them although chemists in the major centres now carry a wide range of medicines and first aid accessories.


There are over 73 dialects spoken in Zambia, but the official language is English. All media and business is in English and most Zambians speak it fairly well. Bemba is the next most commonly understood language, followed by Nyanja Tonga, Luvale, Lozi, Mambwe and Tumbuka.


As a general guide, comfortable, casual wash and wear clothes are recommended. Please note that muted colours are recommended for game-viewing. Game-drives are conducted in the early morning and late afternoon, which can be very cold, especially in winter.

The most practical items to pack for safari are:


  • Khaki, green, beige and neutral colours
  • Shirts with long sleeves (even in summer, as protection from the sun and mosquitoes)
  • T shirts
  • Shorts or a light skirt
  • Jeans or safari trousers for evenings and cooler days
  • A jacket and sweater are recommended for early morning and evening game drives
  • Lightweight water-proof jacket
  • Swim and beachwear
  • Comfortable walking shoes
  • Sun block, sunglasses, hat, insect repellent, moisturizer and lip-salve are all essentials
  • Binoculars and camera equipment
  • Good quality safari clothing is available in safari shops



Visiting drivers must hold an International Drivers Licence. Drivers' licences from other countries are not valid except SADC countries.


There are several Internet Cafes in Livingstone and Lusaka and time on line is very reasonable.


Local current is 220v, 50 cycle AC


In some establishments service charge is on your bill. But if it is not, please tip 10% for good service.




Livingstone town, former capital of Zambia, was named after the famous Scottish explorer, Dr David Livingstone.    The town has much to interest the visitor, including the Livingstone Museum, which houses many of the famed explorer's possessions and journals, and The Railway Museum with a rich history of steam trains and railway memorabilia.  A few kilometres upstream of the Falls is the Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park, which runs along a strip of riverine forest.  Although the Park is only 66 square kilometres it provides a home for numerous antelope species, zebra, giraffe and white rhinoceros.


There are few appropriate superlatives that have not already been applied to this magnificent natural wonder of the world - in many ways it defies description. The Victoria Falls is the largest, probably the most beautiful and certainly the most majestic waterfall in the world. A trip to Southern Africa would be incomplete without visiting this memorable sight. Visitors to Victoria Falls can also enjoy sundowner cruises on the Zambezi, go fishing, walk amongst the game, take horse back trails, dare to go white water rafting on the rapids below the falls and for the really brave, bungee jump 111m off the Victoria Falls Bridge!


Kariba is unique and a place of outstanding beauty, a great inland sea, nested in mountains, guarded by enormous reserves of game and made beautiful and savage by sun and storm, earth and water and by life and death.  It is here, from land or water that one encounters the rawness, the beauty and the savagery which is the real heart of darkness. It is unforgettable, on dust-tasting, hazy blue, September days, to watch the game treading its daily course to the edge of the lake's vast waters; or, in the rainy season when the air is crystal, when images are razor sharp, to watch the massive black blocks of wet-skinned elephant posing on the billiard-table flood plains carpeted with new green baize. Two of the lakes most common inhabitants are the hippo and the crocodile. Both are quite difficult to observe. The hippo will stay submerged much of the time and only come up for an occasional breath of air giving a brief chance to spot the twitching ears and the peering eyes. Crocodiles are usually content to bask by the side of the lake looking very much like dead logs - until you approach and they slip into the water with a quiet splash fishing village of Nyanzirawo near Bumi Hills in the mouth of the Ume River. This is a place where time seems to have stood still and the local people make a living from fishing to feed the rest of the people in the village. Everything here is basic and to our perceptions, the people seem to have nothing. And yet this is a surprisingly enchanting place to visit and you get a real sense of a community living together without the competitive nature of western society. The people here never beg or expect any money from the visitors - they just love having their picture taken in the hope that perhaps one day they might receive a photograph of themselves which would immediately become a prize memento


The Luangwa Valley is one of Africa's prime wildlife sanctuaries, with concentrations and varieties of game and bird life that have made it world famous.   As the Luangwa Valley forms part of the Great Rift Valley its scenery is varied and dramatic.  The Valley floor nestles some 800 metres below the surrounding plateau, with the Luangwa River carving its tortuous course through the centre.   Vegetation ranges from dense woodland to open grassy plains, and oxbow lagoons act as natural water holes.   The Valley is home to huge herds of elephant, large numbers of antelope, most notably impala, puku, kudu, bushbuck and waterbuck.  Lion are common and the park is also famous for leopard.  Night drives are fascinating as one has the opportunity to view genet, civet, serval, hyena, porcupine and bushbabies.    Bird watching is superb in the Valley as there are over 400 different bird species.  Towards the end of the dry season, when the river and oxbow lagoons begin to recede, hundreds of large water birds can be seen wading through the shallows.


This is Zambia's newest park and as such is still relatively undeveloped, but its beauty lies in its absolute wilderness state.  The Park lies opposite the famous Mana Pools National Park in Zimbabwe, so the whole area on both sides of the river is a massive wildlife sanctuary.  The river's edge is overhung with a thick riverine fringe.  Further inland is a floodplain fringed with mopane forest and interspersed with winterthorn trees.  The Lower Zambezi National Park covers an area of 4092 square kilometres, but most of the game is concentrated along the valley floor.  There is an escarpment along the northern end, which acts as a physical barrier to most of the park's animal species.   The sparkling waters of the Zambezi are a focal point for the abundant wildlife, which includes large herds of elephant, hippo, buffalo, zebra, lion, leopard, various antelope species and tiger fish.


Established in 1924m, Kafue is Zambia's oldest park and by far the largest, covering 22 400km².  From the astounding Busanga Plains in the north western section of the park to the tree choked wilderness and the lush dambos (wetlands) of the south, the park is endowed with great diversity of landscape and a rich variety of wild animals and birds. Kafue National Park is one of the best African reserves for antelope. Roan, sable, Lichtenstein's hartebeest, wildebeest and eland, impala, oribi, red lechwe and Defassa's waterbuck are all keystone species. And for anglers, there is the added attraction of exciting fishing for, among others, African pike, and bream. The vast plains of Busanga teem with herds of zebra, blue wildebeest, buffalo, puku, and their attendant predators, serval, cheetah, lion and leopard.  The southern section of the park is renowned for large herds of elephant, zebra and buffalo.  The reserve encompasses a significant portion of the Kafue and Busanga Rivers and their floodplains, with magnificent stands of riverine forest along the perennial streams. Along the south-eastern border, the 370km² Itezhi-Tezhi Dam offers exciting game viewing by boat, one of the best ways to get close to wild animals. The southern section is also home to the Nanzhila Plains, a vast grassland area dotted with stands of baobab, euphorbia and diaspyros trees, with huge termite mounds on which cheetah sometimes perch as they survey the plains for prey.


The North Luangwa National Park is one of the most spectacular surviving wilderness areas in Africa and has been called one of the greatest wildlife sanctuaries in the world today. It is not open to the public and there are no permanent lodges exist in the park. The park is noted for its massive herds of buffalo and large prides of lion. It's not unusual to witness a kill. If you are a traveller looking for adventure rather than the run-of-mill safari, North Luangwa National Park is "the corner of the earth that smiles on you above all others". Access is only through one of the few safari operators who have been granted permission to conduct walking safaris in the park, although you can apply for special permission to enter the park at the Department of National Parks services in Chilonga or Mpika. Exploring on your own is not advisable. The remoteness of the area mean serious trouble for the self-explorer should anything go wrong. There are very few roads and you are unlikely to see anyone else while you are there. Two main rivers, the Lufila and Mwaleshi, run through and along the park. The latter cascades down in a series of rapids and waterfalls before reaching the valley floor by means of the delightful Chomba Waterfall. This cool crystal waterfall, in the heart of North Luangwa Park, boasts some of the largest herds of antelope along its river course. The diversity of habitats in this park leaves you feeling bewildered and dazzled. There are areas of pure mopane forests, lush riverine forests and sausage trees laden with long dangling sausage-looking fruit. This leads to an awesome variety of birds from the Pel's fishing owl to the purple crested turaco. For years the north was the poor relation to the South Luangwa National Park, but this has changed, thanks to the presence of renowned researchers and authors Mark and Delia Owens. Due to their conservation efforts, there has been a great reduction in poachers. The park now has some of the most zealous game rangers in the country



Lochinvar National Park has exceptional beauty and outstanding birding opportunities. Over 421 bird species have been recorded in its 428 square kilometres. The park is located on the Kafue Flats and is Zambia's largest bird sanctuary. The park is situated on the southern edge of the Kafue Flats. This is a wide floodplain of the Kafue River between Itezhi Tezhi dam in the west and Kafue Gorge in the east. The area extends for 33kms from the Kafue River in the north to low wooded hills in the south. Opposite the park but slightly north is another small park, the Blue Lagoon National Park. Lochinvar is considered as a birders paradise because of its large estate of bird life

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